The United States Supreme Court has held that an employer's use of educational and testing requirements for screening job applicants violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 when the effect is to disqualify a disproportionate number of Negroes, and where there is no showing that either standard is significantly related to job performance.
Griggs v. Duke Power Company, 401 U.S. 424 (1971).
Fred W. Veil,
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Educational and Testing Requirements Invalid Unless Job-Related,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol10/iss2/9