The Supreme Court of the United States has held that there is a federal cause of action founded directly on the fourth amendment against federal agents who have conducted an illegal search and seizure.
Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Federal Bureau of Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388 (1971).
Richard D. Carleton,
Constitutional Law - Search and Seizure - Federal Cause of Action for an Illegal Search and Seizure,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol10/iss4/13