The Supreme Court of the United States has held that reception of a licensed radio broadcast of copyrighted musical compositions in a commercial establishment where the compositions are heard by the public does not constitute copyright infringement because it is not a "performance" within the meaning of the copyright law.
Twentieth Century Music Corp. v. Aiken, 422 U.S. 151 (1975).
Donna L. Seidel,
Copyright - Infringement - Public Performance for Profit - Radio Reception as Performance,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol14/iss4/12