The United States Supreme Court has held that absent both a showing of cause for failure to make a timely objection and a showing of actual prejudice, a state prisoner's failure to comply with a state statute providing that defects in indictment must be raised prior to trial or be deemed waived precludes federal habeas corpus relief on a subsequent claim that blacks had been excluded from the grand jury.
Francis v. Henderson, 425 U.S. 536 (1976).
Constitutional Law - Habeas Corpus - State Prisoners - Waiver of Constitutional Rights - Grand Jury Composition,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol15/iss3/11