The United States Supreme Court has held that the abstention doctrine bars a federal court from entertaining a civil rights action seeking injunctive relief against an ongoing state civil contempt proceeding, allegedly depriving petitioners of due process, where petitioners have an adequate opportunity to present their federal claims in the state proceeding.
Juidice v. Vail, 430 U.S. 327 (1977).
Robert J. Marino,
Constitutional Law - Civil Rights Actions - Federal Court Review of State Statutes - Abstention,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol16/iss1/10