The United States Supreme Court has held that all assertions of state court jurisdiction, in personam, in rem, and quasi in rem, must comply with the minimum contacts standards of International Shoe Co. v. Washington.
Shaffer v. Heitner, 97 S. Ct. 2569 (1977).
Constitutional Law - Due Process - State Court Jurisdiction - Quasi in Rem Proceedings,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol16/iss2/9