In Terry v. Ohio, the Supreme Court held constitutionally permissible the stopping and frisking of individuals on less than probable cause. The Supreme Court, however, has given few specific guidelines, encouraging development of the concept in state and lower federal courts. The author criticizes Pennsylvania's approach, suggesting that Pennsylvania courts have failed to appreciate that a stop-and-frisk is still within the purview of the fourth amendment.
Joseph P. Caracappa,
Terry v. Ohio and Power of Police to Accost Citizens Absent Probable Cause to Arrest: A Critical Look at the Pennsylvania Experience,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol16/iss4/3