The United States Supreme Court has upheld the constitutionality of Pennsylvania's voluntary admission and commitment procedures for mentally ill or retarded juveniles, which provide for determination by a neutral fact finder of the necessity for confinement and periodic review of the necessity for continued confinement by a similar procedure.
Secretary of Public Welfare v. Institutionalized Juveniles, 442 U.S. 640 (1979).
Ramona M. Arena,
Constitutional Law - Fourteenth Amendment - Due Process - Civil Commitment - Mentally Ill and Retarded Juveniles,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol18/iss4/9