The Supreme Court of the United States has held that a non-discriminatory "bottom line" is no defense to a prima facie claim of employment discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. \
Connecticut v. Teal, 102 S. Ct. 2525 (1982).
Civil Rights - Employment Discrimination - Title VII - Prima Facie Violation,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol22/iss1/7