Duquesne Law Review


Howard Gensler


"I.R.A.C.": Issue, Rule, Analysis and Conclusion, is a systematic method for successfully answering law school examination questions that has traditionally been recommended to first-year law students. In the writer's view, this perennially touted formula is of limited utility to law students absent instruction in identifying and formulating the issue, correctly stating the rule, analyzing the relevant facts, and drawing an appropriate conclusion. This essay, therefore, reexamines each element of I.R.A.C. and suggests how this method might be effectively employed in answering the most frequently encountered types of examination questions.

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