The New York Court of Appeals held that mandatory urinalysis examination of public school teachers violates an employee's privacy interests secured by the fourth amendment when a public employer fails to demonstrate a reasonable suspicion of drug usage by the tested employees.
Patchogue-Medford Congress v. Board of Educ., 70 N.Y.2d 57 (1987).
Robert J. Goduto,
Constitutional Law - Search and Seizure - Urine Testing - Public Employees,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol26/iss4/11