The United States Supreme Court held the Sixth Amendment of the United States Constitution does not require that the prosecution either produce the declarant at trial or the trial court find the declarant unavailable before testimony may be admitted under the spontaneous declaration or medical examination exceptions to the hearsay rule.
Randall D. White v Illinois, ___ US ___ , 112 S Ct 736 (1992
John E. McGrady III,
Constitutional Law - Confrontation Clause - Unavailability of Out-of-Court Declarant,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol31/iss1/10