The Supreme Court of the United States held that the allegation that a North Carolina General Assembly redistricting scheme was so irrational on its face that it could only be understood as an effort to segregate voters into separate voting districts because of their race without sufficient justification, was adequate to state a claim for which relief may be granted under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Shaw v. Reno, 113 S. Ct. 2816 (1993).
Christopher J. Soller,
Constitutional Law - Equal Protection - Voting Rights Act of 1965 - Racial Redistricting and Gerrymandering - Election Discrimination,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol32/iss4/10