The Pennsylvania Supreme Court held that Article I, Section 9, of the Pennsylvania Constitution is not violated when a defendant voluntarily absents himself from the trial and that the judge is at his discretion to proceed.
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Wilson, 712 A.2d 735 (Pa. 1998).
David J. DelFiandra,
Constitutional Law - Pennsylvania Constitution - Defendant's Right to Be Present at Criminal Prosecution - Right to Be Present When Defendant Voluntarily Absents,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol37/iss3/6