Absence of Counsel-In a recent series of decisions the Pennsylvania Supreme Court has ruled that any communication by the judge with the jury other than in open court and in the presence of counsel for all parties requires reversal notwithstanding the absence of prejudice.
Gould v. Argiro, 422 Pa. 433, 220 A.2d 654 (1966). Kersey Mfg. Co. v. Rozic, 422 Pa. 564, 222 A.2d 713 (1966). Yarsunas v. Boros, 423 Pa. 364, 223 A.2d 696 (1966).
Joseph A. Murphy,
Trial Practice - Judge and Jury - Absence of Counsel,
Duq. L. Rev.
Available at: https://dsc.duq.edu/dlr/vol5/iss3/14