Specificity of DNA Binding and Dimerization of CspE and CspE Mutants from Escherichia Coli
Bayer School of Natural and Environmental Sciences
Cold-Shock Protein, CspE, Tryptophan Quenching, ssDNA-Binding, E. Coli, Dimerization
Bacteria and cren-archeaota condense their chromosomes into compact nucleoids without the use of histone proteins or nucleosomes. To accomplish this, they use several different types of proteins, including topoisomerase, structural maintenance of chromosome (SMC)-like proteins, and small DNA binding and bending proteins. A small, DNA-binding protein involved in DNA compaction in E. coli K12 is CspE. In vivo, CspE has been shown to play a role in chromosome condensation and gene regulation. I have shown that CspE binds to ssDNA in vitro containing six continuous dT residues with high affinity, but will also bind to a lesser extent to other ssDNA templates. Unlike MukB, the major condensing protein, DNA binding by CspE is independent of ATP and divalent cations. The minimal length requirement for CspE binding to dT-stretches is eight nucleotides. CspE binding to dT-stretches in ssDNA is mainly resistant to high salt concentrations, implying that the interactions between CspE and ssDNA are non-ionic and are probably through hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions. Several mutations in cspE have been shown to genetically separate the gene regulation phenotypes from the DNA architecture phenotypes, indicating a direct role for CspE in DNA condensation. In vitro biochemical characterization of these mutants has aided in the establishment of a model for chromosome condensation by CspE.
Johnston, D. (2007). Specificity of DNA Binding and Dimerization of CspE and CspE Mutants from Escherichia Coli (Doctoral dissertation, Duquesne University). Retrieved from https://dsc.duq.edu/etd/1650