McAnulty College and Graduate School of Liberal Arts
Debt; Financial Capitalism; Gilles Deleuze; Melancholic subjectivity; Passive synthesis of time; Subjectification
This dissertation looks at time as a socially or psychologically imposed ‘structure’ that determines the ways in which past, present and future are weaved together in the subject. This inquiry presents (1) a critical role of temporality in the formation of the subject, (2) a specific temporality characteristic of contemporary financial capitalism, and (3) the pathologies of time found in the subjects of capitalism. The first two chapters provide an extensive analysis of Deleuze’s passive syntheses of time given in Difference and Repetition, which reveals the subject’s passive relation to time as a structure of ‘becoming.’ The following chapters examine how this ontological structure of time interacts with socio-economic temporalities in its production of the subject. I particularly focus on the temporal structure of debt, which has become a general condition of the subjects in the current economic system. I claim that the debt-based economy produces ‘melancholic subjectivity,’ characterized by a dominance of the past and the inhibition of becoming.
Jeong, B. (2017). Theory of Subjectification in Gilles Deleuze: A Study of the Temporality in Capitalism (Doctoral dissertation, Duquesne University). Retrieved from https://dsc.duq.edu/etd/170