Defense Date


Graduation Date

Fall 12-20-2019


Immediate Access

Submission Type


Degree Name



Counseling, Psychology, & Special Education


School of Education

Committee Chair

Laura M. Crothers

Committee Member

Ara J. Schmitt

Committee Member

Gibbs Y. Kanyongo


bullying, victimization, suicidal ideation, suicidal behavior, promotive factors, resilience


Bullying is one of the most common challenges that youth in the United States face that can often have negative impacts on children’s lives and mental health. One potential negative outcome of bullying victimization is increased risk for suicidal behavior, including suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Implementing interventions and supports for youth involved in bullying has the ability to decrease risk for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts.

Previous literature supports that those involved in bullying are at an increased risk for both suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts. Evidence supports promotive factors that help minimize negative outcomes those who are involved from bullying. Separately, literature supports promotive factors which help minimize suicidal ideation and suicide attempts for at-risk youth. Limited research, however, has examined potential moderators for the specific relationship between bullying victimization and suicidal behavior.

This study aims to add to the literature base by examining promotive factors, both internal and external, which may potentially moderate the relationship between bullying victimization and both suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Utilizing a cross-sectional, survey design with secondary data, this study provided evidence for self-efficacy and school support as moderators between the relationship between bullying victimization and suicidal ideation. Results of the study show that other potential moderating factors failed to moderate the relationship between victimization and suicidal behavior.