McAnulty College and Graduate School of Liberal Arts
Aristotle, Plato, Parmenides, Ontology, Not-Being, Being, Potentiality, Falsity, Privation
Aristotle is not thought to have a theory of not-being, but, in this project, I show that there are several distinct ways of not-being established in his writings. As being is said according to what is in-itself, what is accidentally, what is true, and what is actualized, so not-being is determined as the privative, the false, or potentiality. In each of these cases, I articulate what it means that it is a way of not-being, and how it is also a way of being. Aristotle’s theory is put in contrast to his predecessors, especially Parmenides and Plato, whose ontologies are centered around either denying not-being any status or making it into a first principle.
Greenstine, A. (2020). The Ontology of Not-Being in Aristotle and His Predecessors (Doctoral dissertation, Duquesne University). Retrieved from https://dsc.duq.edu/etd/1912