Defense Date


Graduation Date

Fall 1-1-2017


One-year Embargo

Submission Type


Degree Name



Counselor Education and Supervision (ExCES)


School of Education

Committee Chair

Matthew Bundick

Committee Member

Carol Parke

Committee Member

Jered Kolbert


Creativity, Confirmatory Factory Analysis, Exploratory Factor Analysis, Mindset, Survey Validation, Possible Selves


The purpose of this investigation was to validate a newly constructed instrument, the Creativity Assessment for the Malleability of Possible Selves (CAMPS) and, through that process, operationally define the newly developed construct of self-creativity. This dissertation utilizes three separate studies to validate the CAMPS and operationally define self-creativity, including samples intended to represent the general population (n = 199), professional counselors (n = 133), and exemplars of self-creativity (n = 13). Study 1 utilized an exploratory factor analysis for the initial item reduction and factor structure exploration, followed by testing convergent and discriminant validity utilizing established assessments of creativity, personality, and depression. Through this process, 16 items and six factors emerged, as did the initial parameters for the self-creativity operational definition. Study 2 utilized a confirmatory factor analysis to confirm this 16-item, six factor model, the results of which supported a good model fit. Study 3 utilized semi-structured interviews with exemplars of self-creativity for the purpose of determining face validity of both the CAMPS and the conceptual definition of self-creativity, as well as to provide feedback on the overall experience of completing the assessment. Hypothetical and practical implications of these results and recommendations for future research are discussed.