Defense Date


Graduation Date

Summer 8-13-2022


Immediate Access

Submission Type


Degree Name



Counselor Education and Supervision (ExCES)


School of Education

Committee Chair

Matthew Joseph

Committee Member

Jered Kolbert

Committee Member

L. Robert Furman


trauma-informed education, trauma-informed care in schools, attitudes related to trauma-informed care


Childhood trauma is prevalent among today’s students. When educators implement trauma-informed practices in schools, student behaviors and learning typically improve. It is thus important that educators are trained in and have positive attitudes, knowledge, and beliefs toward trauma-informed care. However, high proportions of educators report that they do not receive trauma-informed training, and research regarding the effectiveness of professional development in trauma-informed care is limited. The present study examined whether educators’ knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding trauma-informed care differed by grade level of students worked with and previous professional development experiences in trauma-informed care, as well as tested the effectiveness of a professional development program in trauma-informed care. Results revealed significant inverse relationships between grade level of student taught and attitudes related to trauma-informed care, and some specific trauma-informed attitudes were more positive among educators who had engaged in previous professional development. Additionally, overall attitudes and some specific attitudes related to trauma-informed care improved following the professional development program. Practical implication of these results and recommendations for future research are discussed.