Defense Date


Graduation Date

Summer 8-5-2023


Immediate Access

Submission Type


Degree Name



School Psychology


School of Education

Committee Chair

Tammy L. Hughes

Committee Member

Susan M. Rattan

Committee Member

Gibbs Y. Kanyongo

Committee Member

Jeffrey Shook


school psychology, lawyer, social work, interprofessional education, holistic legal representation, school to prison pipeline


The school-to-prison pipeline is defined as a set of policies that contribute to the removal of students from the school environment and into the justice system (Justice Policy Institute, 2011). These students have unique and complex needs that include educational needs, legal needs, and community needs; however, these students often lack the support necessary to assist them when navigating the complexities of the educational and legal system. As a result, the complexity of the challenges these students face can be provided through a holistic legal representation team, where a school psychologist, social worker, and lawyer, can coordinate their efforts to solve the issues that children face when confronted with the justice system. However, there is a lack of evidence that supports one single training model to train these professions to provide holistic legal representation. Therefore, Interprofessional education (IPE) is a training model that has been supported by the American Psychological Association (APA) to be incorporated into the curriculum of graduate psychology programs to promote the practice of an integrated care model. To train graduate students to function on a holistic legal representation team, which is a type of integrated care, interprofessional education may be utilized. The purpose of this research study is to investigate the effectiveness of using Interprofessional Education (IPE) as a training model for the professional development of school psychology, law, and social worker graduate students to provide holistic team representation for at-risk youth.