Chemistry and Biochemistry
Bayer School of Natural and Environmental Sciences
Jeffrey D. Evanseck
Jennifer A. Aitken
M. Rita Mihailescu
Ralph A. Wheeler
electronic structure, semiconductors, titanium dioxide, density functional theory, photovoltaic solar cells
The polymorphs of titanium dioxide and various diamond-like semiconductor materials are promising candidates in photovoltaic solar cell applications. Several of these polymorphs have been studied with experimental and computational methods, which often aim at tuning the electronic structure, particularly the band gap value of the crystalline solid. Prior studies report that the addition of a substituent into the structure of titanium dioxide decreases its band gap value, but the reasons for this are unknown. Possible explanations for the change in band gap involve the substituent atom's crystal radius, electronegativity, and ionization energy. Understanding the cause of these changes will provide great insight in designing new materials. The hypothesis of this work is that a substituent atom's crystal radius has a greater impact on the change in band gap of titanium dioxide than the substituent atom's electronegativity. In an aim to test this hypothesis, atoms of differing chemical properties were selected for substitution into the rutile and anatase polymorphs of titanium dioxide. The electronic structure (band structure and density of states) of the substituted systems was calculated using the full-potential linearized-augmented plane wave approach of density functional theory in the WIEN2k software. Upon calculating the electronic structure, the relationships between the band gap value and various chemical properties were evaluated.
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