Anita Bailey

Defense Date


Graduation Date

Spring 2014


Immediate Access

Submission Type


Degree Name





School of Nursing

Committee Chair

Richard Zoucha

Committee Member

Charles Larew

Committee Member

D. Wayne Mitchell


gender disparity, job satisfaction, male nurse, masculine role, men nurse, role stress


Men represent a minority in nursing who have until recently experienced limited scholarly interest. Existing studies indicate that men experience bias, discrimination based on sex, and disproportionate levels of discipline within the profession. In the face of a continuing nursing shortage, recruitment and retention of men, as well as the rates at which men leave the profession and factors associated with that turnover, are of concern. Masculine Gender Role Stress (MGRS) may play a part in men's responses to nursing culture and settings, and may influence job satisfaction in a manner that affects behavior and tenure. This descriptive correlational study examined relationships between MGRS and job satisfaction, as well as demographic variables of age, years in nursing, employment setting, education level, ethnicity, and sexual preference. Participants consisted of 88 men nurses residing and working in Missouri, contacted by mail, and provided with informed consent. Questionnaires for the study were accessible online by computer. Completed data were analyzed by non-parametric tests including Chi square, Spearman's rho and Kendall's tau b. Results indicated that rates of MGRS were low among respondents, with less than 7% of this sample scoring high in MGRS. There was a non significant inverse relationship between MGRS and job satisfaction, suggesting the possibility that the greater MGRS experienced, the less satisfied the individual was with his employment. MGRS was not significantly related to age, degree, type of nursing discipline, or sexual preference. For men nurses who prefer male sexual partners, MGRS sub issues of intellectual adequacy and ability to perform appeared significant on 2 of 5 factors. Several respondents commented on the "personal" or "inappropriate" nature of the questionnaire items; however, the majority of the 22 comments suggested additional study directions or asked for survey results when available. There was no correlation between comments and MGRS or job satisfaction levels. Incidental findings were that married respondents were more satisfied with their employment and salary than single respondents.