School of Education
aggression, overt aggression, relational aggression, social aggression
In this study, the researcher sought to examine whether differences existed in the use of relational, social, and overt aggression among previously-identified-overtly-aggressive and non-overtly-aggressive female adolescents. Specifically, explored were the relationships among types of aggression (overtly-aggressive and non-overtly-aggressive), age level (middle or high school), and cultural background/ethnicity (Caucasian or non-Caucasian), and the self-reported use of relational aggression, social aggression, and overt aggression. Results revealed that Caucasian, non-overtly-aggressive middle and high school girls use relational aggression more often than Caucasian, overtly-aggressive middle and high school girls, respectively. Similarly, Caucasian, non-overtly-aggressive middle school girls use social aggression more often than Caucasian, overtly-aggressive middle school girls. Additionally, non-Caucasian, non-overtly-aggressive middle school females use social aggression significantly more often than non-Caucasian, overtly-aggressive middle school females. Finally, overtly-aggressive females use overt aggression more often than non-overtly-aggressive females, and non-Caucasian females use overt aggression more often than Caucasian females. Implications for these findings are presented.
Comstock, L. (2009). The Use of Relational, Social, and Overt Aggression in Overtly-Aggressive and Non-Overtly-Aggressive Females (Doctoral dissertation, Duquesne University). Retrieved from https://dsc.duq.edu/etd/427