Defense Date

3-10-2010

Graduation Date

2010

Availability

Immediate Access

Submission Type

thesis

Degree Name

MS

Department

Biological Sciences

School

Bayer School of Natural and Environmental Sciences

Committee Chair

Brady Porter

Committee Member

Kyle Selcer

Committee Member

Lisa Ludvico

Keywords

cytochrome b, cytonuclear disequilibrium, hybridization, melanophore, microsatellites, morphology

Abstract

The channel shiner, Notropis wickliffi, is listed as a vulnerable species in Pennsylvania. Little is known about this species of minnow due to taxonomic confusion with the mimic shiner, N. volucellus. The regional variation in morphology makes it problematic to apply identification characters determined in other studies to Pennsylvania populations. By sequencing the mitochondrial gene, cytochrome b, it was found that N. wickliffi formed a separate phylogenetic clade, while N. volucellus and N. buchanani (ghost shiners) were present in the same clade. Three pigmentation patterns were correlated to the haplotype groups, proving useful in distinguishing between N. wickliffi and N. volucellus from Pennsylvania. Principal component analysis revealed that the morphology of all three species is statistically different. Eight polymorphic microsatellite loci, analyzed with STRUCTURE, showed that hybridization is most likely taking place between both N. wickliffi and N. volucellus and also between N. buchanani and N. volucellus.

Format

PDF

Language

English

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