Defense Date


Graduation Date

Fall 2004


Immediate Access

Submission Type


Degree Name



Counselor Education and Supervision (ExCES)


School of Education

Committee Chair

Nicholas J. Hanna

Committee Member

Joseph F. Maola

Committee Member

Paul M. Bernstein


Counselor Supervision Training


A Comparison of the Perceptions of the Importance of Formal Supervision Training Between Formally Trained Counselor Supervisors and Non-Formally Trained Counselor Supervisors explores differences among and between doctoral student and field site professionals who provide supervision to master's level counselor trainees. All master's level counseling students in the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP) programs participate in a practicum and internship as a requirement for completion of the master's program in counseling. The field experience occurs in a mental health agency or school, and requires the assistance and mentoring of an on-site supervisor. There is a dearth of literature that assesses the effectiveness of those academically untrained professionals who supervise master's level counselor trainees. Because counselor supervisors have considerable autonomy regarding how they supervise, this study sought to measure their perceptions of the importance of supervisory training. Recommendations regarding standards for field site supervision of master's level counselor trainees may significantly contribute to the literature, as well as contributing to a design for formalized site supervisor training. This researcher hopes

to contribute to the professional development of the master's level counselor trainee. By understanding the perceived importance of training to the field site professional providing supervision, informed decisions can be made for placing future master's level counselor

trainees in field site placements with professionals trained in supervision. Additionally, academic institutions can gain significant information that will contribute to the planning and implementation of supervision curriculum for master's level counseling students.

The primary research question of this study is what importance do counselor supervisors attribute to the training that prepares them to provide effective supervision to master's level counselor trainees? A 16-item survey, called the Counselor Supervision Questionnaire (CSQ), was developed to help clarify various aspects of the primary research question.