Counselor Education and Supervision (ExCES)
School of Education
Constructivism, Counseling, Counselor Education, Spirituality
Spirituality has been documented as both a positive and negative influence in the counseling process. Despite this evidence, counselor education programs are not consistently training their students to competently address the role of spirituality in counseling. This study examined the effect of a 2.5 hour, five-activity model on spiritual competency levels of counseling interns. The constructivist activity model positively increased overall spiritual competency scores of participants as well as in five out of six competency foci. This study also found that students who scored higher on a Personal Spiritual and Religious Practices scale tended to have larger increases in their spiritual competency scores after participation in the activity model.
Manderino, D. (2014). A Constructivist Approach to Promoting Spiritual Competencies in Counselor Trainees (Doctoral dissertation, Duquesne University). Retrieved from https://dsc.duq.edu/etd/865