HTA Metro Map: a patient centred model for optimizing the decision making process



Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Publication Title

GMS health innovation and technologies



First Page



capacity building, continuing medical education, decision making, health technology assessment, patient-centred care


Health Technology Assessment (HTA) is a systematic evaluation of a health technology, designed to appraise the direct or intended effects and indirect or unintended consequences of the technology with an overall goal of supporting informed decision making regarding the use of these health technologies in the healthcare system. In this paper, we present fundamental HTA concepts and provide a conceptual framework that embraces the processes and outcomes required for integrated healthcare decision-making. The "HTA Metro Map" was designed to guide the user through the different areas on: where to use, what and whom to involve within the decision process. The map reflects the complexity and inter-connectedness of the different kind of healthcare services that need to work together to be able to efficiently deliver coordinated decisions at local, regional, national, and international levels. This tool may also serve as base for facilitating developments and improvements of the HTA structure worldwide. The paper discusses the main features of the "HTA Metro Map" while reinforcing the key concepts underlying HTA's integrated approach. The first view of the map provides the several layers of complexity seen in HTA and the various lines within the map represent the main actors involved in the assessment processes. The map connections and crossings symbolize the interprofessional and interpersonal collaborations while the stations denote the knowledge, skills, experiences, and attitudes of each professionals as they interact within this framework. Every line represents a HTA stakeholder and the circular line in the centre represents the patient at the centre of the system. The zones, from social to community and hospital level, represent the need for integration from the perspective of health systems. The HTA Metro Map also has different dimensions depicted by the level of profoundness. Finally, the concepts of different healthcare stakeholder perspectives are introduced both in visual and temporal terms. The "HTA Metro Map" is designed as a flexible model for easy adaptability and in accurately capturing the complexity inherent in any healthcare system. It is hoped that the map will assist different stakeholders to build network capacity, pool existing resources, and develop a more holistic vision that will result in a sustainable, efficient and collaborative decision-making process.

Open Access