Title

Quality by design approach identifies critical parameters driving oxygen delivery performance in vitro for perfluorocarbon based artificial oxygen carriers

DOI

10.1038/s41598-021-84076-1

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

3-10-2021

Publication Title

Scientific reports

Volume

11

Issue

1

First Page

5569

Abstract

Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) exhibiting high solubility for oxygen are attractive materials as artificial oxygen carriers (AOC), an alternative to whole blood or Haemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs). PFC-based AOCs, however, met clinical translation roadblocks due to product quality control challenges. To overcome these issues, we present an adaptation of Quality by Design (QbD) practices to optimization of PFC nanoemulsions (PFC-NEs) as AOCs. QbD elements including quality risk management, design of experiments (DoE), and multivariate data analysis facilitated the identification of composition and process parameters that strongly impacted PFC colloidal stability and oxygen transport function. Resulting quantitative relationships indicated a composition-driven tradeoff between stability and oxygen transport. It was found that PFC content was most predictive of in vitro oxygen release, but the PFC type (perfluoro-15-crown-5-ether, PCE or perfluorooctyl bromide, PFOB) had no effect on oxygen release. Furthermore, we found, under constant processing conditions, all PFC-NEs, comprised of varied PFC and hydrocarbon content, exhibited narrow droplet size range (100-150 nm) and narrow size distribution. Representative PFOB-NE maintained colloidal attributes upon manufacturing on larger scale (100 mL). QbD approach offers unique insights into PFC AOC performance, which will overcome current product development challenges and accelerate clinical translation.

Open Access

Gold

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