Patient Portal Use by Adults With Heart Failure: An Integrative Review
Heart failure is a chronic condition affecting many with an emphasis on self-management to improve outcomes and decrease the cost of care. A potential strategy to improve the self-management of heart failure includes the use of a patient portal. The purpose of this integrative review is to synthesize what is known about patient portal use by adults with heart failure to identify contributing factors for use and areas for future research. Within the three zones of the Health Information Technology Acceptance Model, predominant themes contributing to patient portal use were identified. Within the health zone, the predominant themes were physical and mental health, quality of life, and social interaction. Within the information zone, the predominant themes included knowledge about heart failure and self-care, information sharing, and communication. Within the technology zone, the predominant themes include the barriers and facilitators of patient portal use and overall usability. Overall, the patient perceptions of the patient portal can lead to the acceptance and use of the technology that can enhance self-management. Healthcare providers should partner with adults with heart failure to maximize the features of the patient portal to support self-management.