Problem-based learning case studies: Delivery of an educational method and perceptions at two schools of pharmacy in Italy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Problem-based learning (PBL) case studies are not currently offered in the pharmacy school curriculum in Italy. This study sought to assess the perceptions of a PBL case study activity delivered at two pharmacy schools in Italy. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A total of 64 pharmacy students and three pharmacy faculty from Italy participated in the live PBL activity. They collaborated on teams with pharmacy students from the United States to discuss a patient case and prepare drug therapy recommendations. A cross-sectional survey was performed to assess the Italian participants' perceptions before and after partaking in the PBL activity. FINDINGS: Results from the survey utilizing a five-point Likert-type scale (1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree) demonstrated that students and faculty from both pharmacy schools in Italy perceived the value in applying information learned in PBL to their current or future practices (4.48 ± 0.79) and in collaborating with a team to improve patient care (4.66 ± 0.79). In addition, the vast majority (93%) of participants agreed or strongly agreed that they would be interested in continuing to participate in PBL in the future. SUMMARY: Students and faculty at two pharmacy schools in Italy found the delivery of a PBL exercise to be beneficial for their professional development. This may suggest an opportunity for pharmacy schools in Italy to add the PBL case-based teaching method into their curriculum.