Folate Transport and One-Carbon Metabolism in Targeted Therapies of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer
epithelial ovarian cancer, folate, folate receptor, folate transport, one-carbon metabolism, proton-coupled folate transporter, tumor microenvironment
New therapies are urgently needed for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. To identify new approaches for targeting EOC, metabolic vulnerabilities must be discovered and strategies for the selective delivery of therapeutic agents must be established. Folate receptor (FR) α and the proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT) are expressed in the majority of EOCs. FRβ is expressed on tumor-associated macrophages, a major infiltrating immune population in EOC. One-carbon (C1) metabolism is partitioned between the cytosol and mitochondria and is important for the synthesis of nucleotides, amino acids, glutathione, and other critical metabolites. Novel inhibitors are being developed with the potential for therapeutic targeting of tumors via FRs and the PCFT, as well as for inhibiting C1 metabolism. In this review, we summarize these exciting new developments in targeted therapies for both tumors and the tumor microenvironment in EOC.
Wallace-Povirk, A., Hou, Z., Nayeen, M. J., Gangjee, A., & Matherly, L. H. (2021). Folate Transport and One-Carbon Metabolism in Targeted Therapies of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer. Cancers, 14 (1). https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers14010191