Title

Characterization of a G-Quadruplex structure in pre-miRNA-1229 and in its alzheimer’s disease-associated variant rs2291418: Implications for miRNA-1229 maturation

DOI

10.3390/ijms21030767

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2-1-2020

Publication Title

International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Volume

21

Issue

3

ISSN

16616596

Keywords

Alzheimer’s disease, Pre-miRNA-1229, RNA G-quadruplex, Rs2291418

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most common age-related neurodegenerative disease, is associated with various forms of cognitive and functional impairment that worsen with disease progression. AD is typically characterized as a protein misfolding disease, in which abnormal plaques form due to accumulation of tau and β-amyloid (Aβ) proteins. An assortment of proteins is responsible for the processing and trafficking of Aβ, including sortilin-related receptor 1 (SORL1). Recently, a genome-wide association study of microRNA-related variants found that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2291418 within premature microRNA-1229 (pre-miRNA-1229) is significantly associated with AD. Moreover, the levels of the mature miRNA-1229-3p, which has been shown to regulate the SORL1 translation, are increased in the rs2291418 pre-miRNA-1229 variant. In this study we used various biophysical techniques to show that pre-miRNA-1229 forms a G-quadruplex secondary structure that coexists in equilibrium with the canonical hairpin structure, potentially controlling the production of the mature miR-1229-3p, and furthermore, that the AD-associated SNP rs2291418 pre-miR-1229 changes the equilibrium between these structures. Thus, the G-quadruplex structure we identified within pre-miRNA-1229 could potentially act as a novel therapeutic target in AD.

Open Access

Gold

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