Title

Improvements in Regional Left Ventricular Function Following Late Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Anterior Myocardial Infarction

DOI

10.1177/1179546817746636

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

12-15-2017

Publication Title

Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology

Volume

11

Keywords

infarct-related artery patency, Myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention, revascularization

Abstract

Background: Late revascularization following a myocardial infarction has questionable clinical benefit. Methods: We studied 13 patients with anterior wall myocardial infarction who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention within 2 weeks of the primary event, by quantitative analysis of 2-dimensional echocardiographic images. Endocardial segmentations of the left ventricular (LV) endocardium from the 4-chamber views were studied over time to establish cumulative wall displacements (CWDs) throughout the cardiac cycle. Results: Left ventricular end-systolic volume decreased to 42 ± 8 mL/body surface area (P =.034) and LV ejection fraction improved to 52% ± 7% (P =.04). Analysis of LV endocardial CWD demonstrated significant improvements in mid-systolic to late-systolic phases in the apical LV segments, from 3.5 ± 0.32 to 5.89 ± 0.43 mm (P =.019). Improvements in CWD were also observed in the late-diastolic phase of the cardiac cycle, from 1.50 ± 0.42 to 1.76 ± 0.52 mm (P =.04). Conclusions: In our pilot patient cohort, following late establishment of infarct-related artery patency following an anterior wall myocardial infarction, regional improvements were noted in the LV apical segments during systole and late diastole.

Open Access

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