Title

Macrophage targeted theranostics as personalized nanomedicine strategies for inflammatory diseases

DOI

10.7150/thno.9476

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2015

Publication Title

Theranostics

Volume

5

Issue

2

First Page

150

Last Page

172

Keywords

Inflammation, Macrophages, Phenotype, Photodynamic therapy and photothermal therapy, Theranostics

Abstract

Inflammatory disease management poses challenges due to the complexity of inflammation and inherent patient variability, thereby necessitating patient-specific therapeutic interventions. Theranostics, which integrate therapeutic and imaging functionalities, can be used for simultaneous imaging and treatment of inflammatory diseases. Theranostics could facilitate assessment of safety, toxicity and real-time therapeutic efficacy leading to personalized treatment strategies. Macrophages are an important cellular component of inflammatory diseases, participating in varied roles of disease exacerbation and resolution. The inherent phagocytic nature, abundance and disease homing properties of macrophages can be targeted for imaging and therapeutic purposes. This review discusses the utility of theranostics in macrophage ablation, phenotype modulation and inhibition of their inflammatory activity leading to resolution of inflammation in several diseases.

Open Access

Gold

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