Title

Design, synthesis, and structure–activity relationships of pyrimido[4,5-b]indole-4-amines as microtubule depolymerizing agents that are effective against multidrug resistant cells

DOI

10.1016/j.bmcl.2017.05.085

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2017

Publication Title

Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters

Volume

27

Issue

15

First Page

3423

Last Page

3430

ISSN

0960894X

Keywords

Conformational restriction, Microtubule depolymerizing agents, Microtubules, Multidrug resistance, Pyrimido[4, 5-b]indoles

Abstract

To identify the structural features of 9H-pyrimido[4,5-b]indoles as microtubule depolymerizers, pyrimido[4,5-b]indoles 2–8 with varied substituents at the 2-, 4- and 5-positions were designed and synthesized. Nucleophilic displacement of 2,5-substituted-4-chloro-pyrimido[4,5-b]indoles with appropriate arylamines was the final step employed in the synthesis of target compounds 2–8. Compounds 2 and 6 had two-digit nanomolar potency (IC50) against MDA-MB-435, SK-OV-3 and HeLa cancer cells in vitro. Compounds 2 and 6 also depolymerized microtubules comparable to the lead compound 1. Compounds 2, 3, 6 and 8 were effective in cells expressing P-glycoprotein or the βIII isotype of tubulin, mechanisms that are associated with clinical drug resistance to microtubule targeting drugs. Proton NMR and molecular modeling studies were employed to identify the structural basis for the microtubule depolymerizing activity of pyrimido[4,5-b]indoles.

Open Access

Green Accepted

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