Title

Discovery and preclinical evaluation of 7-benzyl-N-(substituted)-pyrrolo[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-amines as single agents with microtubule targeting effects along with triple-acting angiokinase inhibition as antitumor agents

DOI

10.1016/j.bmc.2016.11.026

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2017

Publication Title

Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry

Volume

25

Issue

2

First Page

545

Last Page

556

ISSN

9680896

Keywords

Antiangiogenic, Combination chemotherapy, Microtubule targeting agents, Multitargeted agents, Receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Abstract

The utility of cytostatic antiangiogenic agents (AA) in cancer chemotherapy lies in their combination with cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents. Clinical combinations of AA with microtubule targeting agents (MTAs) have been particularly successful. The discovery, synthesis and biological evaluations of a series of 7-benzyl-N-substituted-pyrrolo[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-amines are reported. Novel compounds which inhibit proangiogenic receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) including vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2), platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFR-β) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), along with microtubule targeting in single molecules are described. These compounds also inhibited blood vessel formation in the chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay, and some potently inhibited tubulin assembly (with activity comparable to that of combretastatin A-4 (CA)). In addition, some of the analogs circumvent the most clinically relevant tumor resistance mechanisms (P-glycoprotein and β-III tubulin expression) to microtubule targeting agents (MTA). These MTAs bind at the colchicine site on tubulin. Two analogs displayed two to three digit nanomolar GI50values across the entire NCI 60 tumor cell panel and one of these, compound 7, freely water soluble as its HCl salt, afforded excellent in vivo antitumor activity against an orthotopic triple negative 4T1 breast cancer model and was superior to doxorubicin.

Open Access

Green Accepted

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