Title

Glyceollin Effects on MRP2 and BCRP in Caco-2 Cells, and Implications for Metabolic and Transport Interactions

DOI

10.1002/jps.24605

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2-1-2016

Publication Title

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Volume

105

Issue

2

First Page

972

Last Page

981

ISSN

223549

Keywords

active transport, drug interaction, efflux pumps, flavonoids, food effects, genistein, glyceollin, intestinal absorption, intestinal metabolism, phytoestrogen

Abstract

Glyceollins are phytoalexins produced in soybeans under stressful growth conditions. On the basis of prior evaluations, they show potential to treat multiple diseases, including certain cancers, Type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular conditions. The aim of the present study was to expand on recent studies designed to initially characterize the intestinal disposition of glyceollins. Specifically, studies were undertaken in Caco-2 cells to evaluate glyceollins' effects on apical efflux transporters, namely, MRP2 and BCRP, which are the locus of several intestinal drug-drug and drug-food interactions. 5- (and 6)-carboxy-2',7'-dichloroflourescein (CDF) was used to provide a readout on MRP2 activity, whereas BODIPY-prazosin provided an indication of BCRP alteration. Glyceollins were shown to reverse MRP2-mediated CDF transport asymmetry in a concentration-dependent manner, with activity similar to the MRP2 inhibitor, MK-571. Likewise, they demonstrated concentration-dependent inhibition of BCRP-mediated efflux of BODIPY-prazosin with a potency similar to that of Ko143. Glyceollin did not appreciably alter MRP2 or BCRP expression following 24 h of continuous exposure. The possibility that glyceollin mediated inhibition of genistein metabolite efflux by either transporter was evaluated. However, results demonstrated an interaction at the level of glyceollin inhibition of genistein metabolism rather than inhibition of metabolite transport.

Open Access

Green Accepted

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