Title

Perfluorocarbon nanoemulsions with fluorescent, colloidal and magnetic properties

DOI

10.1016/j.biomaterials.2014.03.006

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2014

Publication Title

Biomaterials

Volume

35

Issue

18

First Page

4958

Last Page

4968

ISSN

1429612

Keywords

Cell viability, Confocal microscopy, Fluorescence, Fluorocarbon, Macrophage, Nanoparticle

Abstract

Bimodal imaging agents that combine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and nearinfrared (NIR) imaging formulated as nanoemulsions became increasingly popular for imaging inflammation in vivo. Quality of in vivo imaging using nanoemulsions is directly dependent on their integrity and stability. Here we report the design of nanoemulsions for bimodal imaging, where both photostability and colloidal stability are equally addressed. A highly chemically and photo stable quaterrylenediimide dye was introduced into perfluoro-15-crown-5 ether (PCE) nanoemulsions. The nanoemulsions were prepared with PCE and Miglyol 812N mixed at 1:1 v/v ratio as internal phase stabilized by non-ionic surfactants. Data shows exceptional colloidal stability demonstrated as unchanged droplet size (~130 nm) and polydispersity (<0.15) after 182 days follow up at both 4 and 25 °C. Nanoemulsions also sustained the exposure to mechanical and temperature stress, and prolonged exposure to light without changes in droplet size, 19F signal or fluorescence signal. No toxicity was observed in vitro in model inflammatory cells upon 24 h exposure while confocal microscopy showed that nanoemulsions droplets accumulated in the cytoplasm. Overall, our data demonstrates that design of bimodal imaging agents requires consideration of stability of each imaging component and that of the nanosystem as a whole to achieve excellent imaging performance. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Open Access

Green Accepted

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