Title

The design and discovery of water soluble 4-substituted-2,6-dimethylfuro[2, 3-d]pyrimidines as multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors and microtubule targeting antitumor agents

DOI

10.1016/j.bmc.2014.04.049

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

7-15-2014

Publication Title

Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry

Volume

22

Issue

14

First Page

3753

Last Page

3772

ISSN

9680896

Keywords

Anticancer agents, Microtubule targeting agents, Single agent combination chemotherapy, Tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Abstract

The design, synthesis and biological evaluations of fourteen 4-substituted 2,6-dimethylfuro[2,3-d]pyrimidines are reported. Four compounds (11-13, 15) inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2), platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFR-β), and target tubulin leading to cytotoxicity. Compound 11 has nanomolar potency, comparable to sunitinib and semaxinib, against tumor cell lines overexpressing VEGFR-2 and PDGFR-β. Further, 11 binds at the colchicine site on tubulin, depolymerizes cellular microtubules and inhibits purified tubulin assembly and overcomes both βIII-tubulin and P-glycoprotein-mediated drug resistance, and initiates mitotic arrest leading to apoptosis. In vivo, its HCl salt, 21, reduced tumor size and vascularity in xenograft and allograft murine models and was superior to docetaxel and sunitinib, without overt toxicity. Thus 21 affords potential combination chemotherapy in a single agent. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Open Access

Green Accepted

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