Variation in Ontogenetic Facial Suture Fusion Patterns in Catarrhines
Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology
Catarrhine comparative anatomy, Facial growth, Facial sutures, Ontogeny, Suture fusion
Timing of craniofacial suture fusion is important for the determination of demographics and primate ontogeny. There has been much work concerning the timing of fusion of calvarial sutures over the last century, but little comprehensive work focusing on facial sutures. Here we assess the relationships of facial suture fusion across ontogeny among select catarrhines. Fusion timing patterns for 5 facial sutures were examined in 1,599 crania of Homo, Pan, Gorilla, Pongo, Hylobatidae, Papio, and Macaca. Calvarial volume (early ontogeny) and dental eruption (late ontogeny) were used as indicators of stage of development. General linear models, test for homogeneity of slopes, and ANOVA were used to determine differences in timing of fusion by taxon. For calvarial volume, taxonomic groups segregated by regression slopes, with models for Homo indicating sutural fusion throughout ontogeny, Pongo, Macaca, and Papio representing earlier and more complete suture fusion, and Pan, Gorilla, and Hylobatidae indicating very early facial suture fusion. Similar patterns are observed when dental eruption is used for developmental staging. Only Gorilla and Hylobatidae are observed to, generally, fuse all facial suture sites in adulthood. Finally, Homo appears to be unique in its delay and patency of sutures into late ontogeny. The taxonomic patterns of facial suture closure identified in this study likely reflect important evolutionary shifts in facial growth and development in catarrhines.
Parker, M. F., Pitirri, M. K., Smith, T. D., Burrows, A. M., & Cray, J. J. (2021). Variation in Ontogenetic Facial Suture Fusion Patterns in Catarrhines. Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology, 92 (2022-05-06), 276-283. https://doi.org/10.1159/000517079