Title

An examination of the relationships among gender, health status, social support, and HIV-related stigma

DOI

10.1016/j.jana.2009.11.004

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

7-1-2010

Publication Title

Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care

Volume

21

Issue

4

First Page

302

Last Page

313

ISSN

10553290

Keywords

Gender differences, HIV infection, Stigma

Abstract

This secondary analysis used E. Goffman's (1963) model of stigma to examine how social support and health status are related to HIV stigma, after controlling for specific sociodemographic factors, and how these relationships differed between men and women living with HIV. Baseline data from 183 subjects in a behavioral randomized clinical trial were analyzed using multigroup structural equation modeling. Women reported significantly higher levels of stigma than men after controlling for race, history of injection drug use, and exposure category. HIV-related stigma was negatively predicted by social support regardless of gender. The theorized model explained a significant amount of the variance in stigma for men and women (24.4% and 44%, respectively) and may provide novel and individualized intervention points for health care providers to effect positive change in perceived stigma for the person living with HIV. The study offers insight into understanding the relationships among gender, health status, social support, and HIV-related stigma. © 2010 Association of Nurses in AIDS Care.

Open Access

Green Accepted

Share

COinS