Title

Synthesis and biological activity of N4-phenylsubstituted-6-(2,4-dichloro phenylmethyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2,4-diamines as vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 inhibitors and antiangiogenic and antitumor agents

DOI

10.1016/j.bmc.2010.03.052

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

5-15-2010

Publication Title

Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry

Volume

18

Issue

10

First Page

3575

Last Page

3587

ISSN

9680896

Keywords

Antiangiogenic agents, Antitumor agents, Pyrrolo[2, 3-d]pyrimidines, Receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Abstract

A series of eight N4-phenylsubstituted-6-(2,4-dichlorophenylmethyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2,4-diamines 8-15 were synthesized as vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) inhibitors with varied substitutions in the phenyl ring of the 4-anilino moiety. In addition, five N4-phenylsubstituted-6-phenylmethylsubstituted-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-amines 16-20 were synthesized to evaluate the importance of the 2-NH2 moiety for multiple receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibition. Cyclocondensation of α-halomethylbenzylketones with 2,6-diamino-4-hydroxypyrimidine afforded 2-amino-6-(2,4-dichlorophenylmethyl)-3,7-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-one, 23 and reaction of α-bromomethylbenzylketones with ethylamidinoacetate followed by cyclocondensation with formamide afforded the 6-phenylmethylsubstituted-3,7-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-ones, 40-42, respectively. Chlorination of the 4-position and displacement with appropriate anilines afforded the target compounds 8-20. Compounds 8, 10 and 14 were potent VEGFR-2 inhibitors and were 100-fold, 40-fold and 8-fold more potent than the standard semaxanib, respectively. Previously synthesized multiple RTK inhibitor, 5 and the VEGFR-2 inhibitor 8 from this study, were chosen for further evaluation in a mouse orthotopic model of melanoma and showed significant inhibition of tumor growth, angiogenesis and metastasis. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Open Access

Green Accepted

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