Title

Design, synthesis, and X-ray crystal structures of 2,4-diaminofuro[2,3-d]pyrimidines as multireceptor tyrosine kinase and dihydrofolate reductase inhibitors

DOI

10.1016/j.bmc.2009.08.044

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

10-15-2009

Publication Title

Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry

Volume

17

Issue

20

First Page

7324

Last Page

7336

ISSN

9680896

Keywords

Dihydrofolate reductase, EGFR, Multitargeted inhibitors, PDGFR-β

Abstract

To optimize dual receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) and dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibition, the E- and Z-isomers of 5-[2-(2-methoxyphenyl)prop-1-en-1-yl]furo[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2,4-diamines (1a and 1b) were separated by HPLC and the X-ray crystal structures (2.0 and 1.4 Å, respectively) with mouse DHFR and NADPH as well as 1b with human DHFR (1.5 Å) were determined. The E- and Z-isomers adopt different binding modes when bound to mouse DHFR. A series of 2,4-diaminofuro[2,3-d]pyrimidines 2-13 were designed and synthesized using the X-ray crystal structures of 1a and 1b with DHFR to increase their DHFR inhibitory activity. Wittig reactions of appropriate 2-methoxyphenyl ketones with 2,4-diamino-6-chloromethyl furo[2,3-d]pyrimidine afforded the C8-C9 unsaturated compounds 2-7 and catalytic reduction gave the saturated 8-13. Homologation of the C9-methyl analog maintains DHFR inhibitory activity. In addition, inhibition of EGFR and PDGFR-β were discovered for saturated C9-homologated analogs 9 and 10 that were absent in the saturated C9-methyl analogs. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Open Access

Green Accepted

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