Cardiac Health: Primary Prevention of Heart Disease in Women
Nursing Clinics of North America
Evidence-based, Heart disease, Lifestyle, Prevention, Risk factors, Women
Heart disease is the number one cause of death among women. Although 450,000 women die annually from heart disease, this fact is unknown to many women. Because heart disease is frequently preventable, increasing awareness of personal risk and preventative measures is a key element of health care for women. Nurse clinicians can evaluate, educate, and counsel women regarding their risk for this pervasive disease and promote behavior changes that will decrease that risk. Research evidence supports that lifestyle behaviors are the cornerstone of heart disease prevention. This article presents current evidence for the prevention of heart disease related to dietary intake, physical activity, weight management, smoking cessation, blood pressure control, and lipid management. Guidelines for implementing findings in clinical practice are discussed. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Turk, M., Tuite, P., & Burke, L. (2009). Cardiac Health: Primary Prevention of Heart Disease in Women. Nursing Clinics of North America, 44 (3), 315-325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnur.2009.06.001