Longitudinal evaluation of cancer-associated biomarkers before and after weight loss in RENEW study participants: Implications for cancer risk reduction
Cancer biomarkers, Endometrial cancer, Interleukins, Obesity, Weight loss
Introduction: Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of endometrial cancer (EC). An improved understanding of biologic mechanisms associated with weight loss, including alteration in inflammation, hormonal balance, and cancer antigens expression may lead to the development of effective cancer prevention strategies. The goal of this study was to explore longitudinal biomarker changes in obese women who underwent weight loss intervention, testing the hypothesis biomarker levels can be altered through intentional weight loss. Methods: Serum samples from 89 participants with Class II and Class III obesity and 43 non morbidly obese comparisons were obtained in Re-Energize with Nutrition, Exercise and Weight Loss (RENEW) study as previously reported. Twenty-one bead-based xMAP immunoassays were utilized, including cancer-associated antigens, cytokines, chemokines, and hormones. One-way repeated measures ANOVA was used to examine the association between changes in biomarker expression levels over time (baseline, 6 months and 12 months). Linear mixed effects models were used to examine longitudinal relationships between biomarker expression levels. Results: Mean levels of VEGF, soluble E-selectin, GH, adiponectin, IL-6, IL-7, CA-125, and IGFBP-1 significantly differed between time periods. In adjusted mixed linear models, decreasing BMI was significantly associated with lower levels of soluble E-selectin and IL-6 and increases in GH, adiponectin, and IGFBP-1. Conclusions: This is one of the first efforts to explore changes in cancer-associated biomarkers in a cohort of weight loss research participants at high risk for EC development. Our findings demonstrate that changes in the expression of markers can be achieved with weight loss intervention. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Linkov, F., Maxwell, G., Felix, A., Lin, Y., Lenzner, D., Bovbjerg, D., Lokshin, A., Hennon, M., Jakicic, J., Goodpaster, B., & Delany, J. (2012). Longitudinal evaluation of cancer-associated biomarkers before and after weight loss in RENEW study participants: Implications for cancer risk reduction. Gynecologic Oncology, 125 (1), 114-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2011.12.439