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This presentation will focus on the life and work of Margaret Morgan Lawrence, M.D., who was the first black woman certified as a psychoanalyst and a tireless advocate for the needs of children. It also focuses on the work of the Lafargue Clinic for the treatment of the mental health needs of adults and children at St. Philip's Church in Harlem in the years 1946 to 1958. Both Dr. Lawrence and the Lafargue Clinic show how local communities and dedicated professionals rose up to meet the mental health needs of Harlem residents in the post-World War II era. These years were one of the periods of the Great Migration, which brought Blacks from the South to Northern cities where they could be free from the shackles of the Jim Crow south. This presentation utilizes a historical lens to highlight how religious leaders and mental health professionals forged a working relationship to serve the common good at a time of dramatic social transformation.