Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that causes damage to the small intestine as a result of ingesting gluten. Approximately 1% of the U.S population has it, but individuals have a higher chance of getting the disease if they have the DQ2 gene or certain health problems. The ingestion of gluten or being on a gluten free diet can also cause additional health problems in the individual because they do not get enough vitamins and nutrients. Since a gluten free diet is not always effective, other treatments options are currently being researched including immunotherapy and modified wheat. This review will focus on genetic and health susceptibility factors in order to diagnose individuals sooner and to find more effective treatments. The implication of this new data can increase the quality of life in those affected by the disease.


Bayer School of Natural and Environmental Sciences

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.