Communication and Rhetorical Studies
McAnulty College and Graduate School of Liberal Arts
Janie Harden Fritz
Ronald C. Arnett
The Spiritual Exercises, Orality and Literacy, Emblem, Semiotic Phenomenology, Personalism
Informed by the work of Walter Ong, in the first prelude of the First Week in the Spiritual Exercises, St. Ignatius of Loyola used an emblematical image, the “prison-cage”, to provide phenomenological accounts for the exercitants to examine the existential situation within. This dissertation explores into the difficulty of being rhetorical in mediating on the existential situation emblematically. I try to understand the orality-literacy dynamic within the Exercises through the theoretical framework of semiotic phenomenology. The Ignatian emblematics can be understood as phenomenological descriptions that asked the exercitants to provide the parts of moral-phenomenological reductions and phenomenological interpretations within personalism.
Qian, H. (2020). St. Ignatius' Quill Pen: Exploring the Orality-Literacy Difficulty in the Spiritual Exercises (Doctoral dissertation, Duquesne University). Retrieved from https://dsc.duq.edu/etd/1870